In a paper published today (12th January 2018), titled ‘Exposed subsurface ice sheets in the Martian mid-latitudes’ on Science.org, scientists have published their findings of 8 different locations on Mars containing water ice.
In some areas the ice covering the martian surface can reach over 100 meters in thickness from depths as shallow as 1 to 2 meters below the surface.
Finding ice on Mars isn’t new, however, the team have discovered that the ice seems to be in layers which could act as an historical climate record of the red planet. Scientists could use this information to determine what type of atmosphere Mars may have had in the past. This could also lead to a better understanding of what used to be on the surface of the alien planet.
This water ice could also be used by humans when colonizing the red giant, something Elon Musk has his eyes set on very soon!
The study involved 12 scientists from 7 different institutions including Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, The Johns Hopkins University and Planetary Science Institute.